We are doing videos now instead of posts?!?


PNP: https://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/23099


The idea for this diorama had been developing since 2017, slowly adjusting details mentally as I thought about it over several months. The idea was to tell a high concept Metal story, but still be as grounded and realistic as possible. After Crystal Brush 2018, I was ready to get started, so I put together a PDF for Charles Agius, the sculptor. I tried to put as much intention as I could into my garbage Photoshop concept:


My concept left the contents of the sculpt pretty clear, but the actual shape of the composition was totally ambiguous. Early designs from Charles were flat and square:

At some point we shifted out of that, but it included a bunch of horses, which were eventually removed after some back and forth:


The method that the previous year’s big diorama (Pharaoh’s Curse) was printed caused multiple cascading issues. The initial drawback it that it was very expensive. But on top of that, the material it was printed in was ultra brittle. In the course of painting it, I broke it twice. Then, on the way back from Adepticon 2018, some rough handling by TSA broke it again. I sold the completed piece to a collector and it was totally destroyed in the shipping process (also a total refund). So, there were clearly some major lessons to be learned. For Daddy Issues, I managed to print the entire piece myself on my own consumer grade SLA printer, for roughly $50 worth of resin. This was a major savings versus the previous printing service. And, I was able to be deliberate about picking a great resin that was very durable, so I didn’t have any of the same tensile strength issues. All of this compounded into a huge value increase versus the previous year.


My first step was using a digital lighting guide as a reference for realistic shadow placement:

The color palette built itself… since there was fire, I knew I needed a yellow/orange, so that became the hue/saturation that everything else hinged around. After playing around with Kuler and Photoshop, I ended up with this, although some deviation took place while painting:

I also did a pigment test, where I dialed in my selections:

After that, it was mainly execution… not only had I not painted marble floors, I definitely hadn’t done fire reflecting off marble floors. So, I watched some ‘how to paint marble videos’ (thanks Vince), did some experiments right on the model (later painted over), and dialed it in.


Daddy Issues placed 3rd in Diorama at Crystal Brush, in a very tough (and final) year. It also won BiS at Reapercon.

I tried taking my own pictures of the piece, but I preferred the Crystal Brush pictures, so I stuck with those for PnP.


This piece is available for purchase (DM me). Also, there may be a bust only version available for purchase.


Charles Agius
Aaron Lovejoy
Ben Komets
Jen Haley

BustQuest #40: Jaina Proudmoore


Completion Date: 08/01/2018

Time: 62 hours including printing

PNP link: https://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/19290


I’m forgoing my usual concept/sculpt/paint summary sections because I tried something new on this one that involved all of the steps happening at once.

I wanted to sculpt, 3d print, and paint a bust from start to finish, all without using outside resources. Essentially as a proof of concept that I could produce a bust end-to-end. I had gotten close a year earlier with Ecocide, which I sculpted and painted, but the 3D printing was done by Shapeways. However, I purchased a 3D printer (Anycubic Photon) earlier this year, and felt that I had all the pieces I needed to produce a bust in-house.

In order to keep the process itself as simple as possible, I used a pre-exisitng IP for the concept art, Jaina Proudmoore from WoW, referencing several depictions of her, most notably this one:



I decided to cast Natalie Dormer (Margaery Tyrell from Game of Thrones) as Jaina. I hard-surface modeled the shoulderpads in C4D, and then started on the bust itself in Mudbox. When I felt I was getting somewhere, I printed it out and did a quick one hour sketch paint to see where I was:


…resulting in the ugliest thing that’s ever happened. I spent a lot more time on all aspects, reconfiguring as best I could despite my limited capabilities:



I was simultaneously learning how to effectively use my 3D printer as I was attempting to not suck at sculpting, and it took nine prints to finally get one that was artifact free and paintable. I didn’t document the painting process itself too extensively, as most of the time and effort was spent on the production of the model.



Good: I successfully took it from concept to sculpt to 3D print to finished painted miniature.

Bad: Both bad and ugly, see below.

Ugly: It’s very ugly. And boring (Ecocide was ugly, but at least it was interesting).I need to improve my sculpting skills. I find this piece embarrassing. 

BustQuest2018 #38: EXPLOSIONS IN THE SKY


Completion Date: 2018.06.16

Time: 50 hours

PNP link with more pictures: https://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/19027



After attending Banshee’s class at Adepticon, I went on a bust sketching journey which I documented on Facebook. Most of those busts were 90 – 180 minute sketches, but as I closed in on forty sketches, I wanted to spend more time to develop some of them into competition pieces.

My idea for Sorscha was that she was in a frozen wasteland, looking up to the sky as ordinance exploded above. Unlike my typical Photoshop-concept-first approach, I tried something totally different here…I did a bunch of sketches (stripping paint occasionally in between), to try different textures and techniques. The grid of sketches 1-8 on her may look very similar:

… and maybe they are, but what I got out of it was experimenting with different variations to the light direction and NMM effect. The color palette itself remained mostly the same, as I had that fairly settled from the beginning. Once I had a sketch I liked, I started to develop it…



Unlike previous projects, the painting approach was very very simple here. I just took my initial sketch, and continued to tighten it, dialing in details until it looked like something final. The fifty hours I spent on it is still a lot, but considering that my previous Privateer Press entry (Skarre) was a hundred and forty hours, the fifty hours spend here represented my fastest complete bust by a huge factor.

The only new technique I tried was doing an airbrush pass over my initial sketch. This was something I was introduced to by Sergio Calvo Rubio in his Adepticon class, and further encouraged to do by Aaron Lovejoy, as he has really taken to the technique. The idea is that after your initial sketch is in a complete but still rough stage, you airbrush some midtone color into the midtones and shadows, which smooths them out and basically gets a lot of the work done that you would usually do with glazes. I did this on Sorscha with a blue midtone from below, but also very very lightly airbrushed her from the key light direction with fluorescent orange in order to maximize the chroma contrast across the piece.

While I was airbrushing, there was a “happy accident”… there was a cloggy airbrush spurt that shot droplets everywhere. As I scrambled to clean them up with a wet brush, I saw that one landed perfectly on her face, creating a convincing birthmark. So, I kept that one, and basically didnt touch it after that.

I did spend a lot of time trying to crack the best approach to the metal armor reflections and how exactly it would work. I looked at actual reflected metal, as well as other painters approaches. What I ended up with was a textured metal look that included a magenta/green chroma displacement.



I did record the paints I used (minus fluos, which somehow didn’t make it into the pic), mostly just because I think it’s a good habit:



Good: This was a super simple and fun project without any complex moving parts. Very relaxing after Pharaoh’s Curse, which was a hot mess. It also won its category at the Privateer Press competition.

Bad: It was a fun exercise, but I think the end result is pretty boring.

Ugly: Nothing ever got ugly, at least.



Banshee and Sergio Calvo Rubio for blasting my brain with new ideas.

Aaron Lovejoy and Ben Komets for improvement ideas.

Dallas Kemp for his feedback / improvement ideas after the competition at GenCon.



Completion Date: 03/22/2018 (literally the day before Crystal Brush)

Time: 249 hours

PNP link with more pictures: https://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/18869

This is my third of three posts about my 2018 Crystal Brush entries. You can find the first post here, and second post here.



I knew I wanted to bring an original piece to Crystal Brush. I had a fairly well developed idea in mind to pursue, and I spent a week trying to get started sculpting it myself when I realized that there was no way my sculpting skill level was at a place that I could produce anything close to what I was imagining.

So, I did some fairly exhaustive research, searching for a sculptor that met the following criteria: 1. Sculpted really well (obviously), 2. Sculpted in a way that was compatible with my painting approach, 3. Sculpted digitally (for mostly logistic and timeline related reasons), 4. Someone that wasn’t super well known, i.e. they would be hungry to do a great job on the sculpt and not just think of it as an annoying piece of side work.

By the time I contacted Charles Agius, I was fairly certain that he was the optimum match for the project. I prepared a crude Photoshopped piece of concept art:


And a guide that attempted to data-dump all of my thoughts about the elements of the sculpt:





Charles really crushed it. I got sweet looking updates:



…I gave some notes, and pretty soon, I was the proud owner of some .stl files, which I sent off to be 3D printed. I got two copies, one for potential future casting, and one to directly paint (again, because of timeline considerations, I had to get started painting immediately).

One thing I came to realize, however, was that the material that was used for printing this particular piece was more brittle that I am used to, which combined with the top-heavy nature of the Pharaoh sculpt, created issues keeping the piece safely pinned together (more on that in the ‘ugly’ section… yikes).



My usual approach to finding my color scheme involves using Kuler to solidify my palette ideas, and then taking versions of the miniature painted by other artists, desaturating it, and digitally painting over it with my new palette (if you go through previous posts, you can catch Photoshop paint-overs of Marc Masclans, Kat Martin, and Marike Reimer). This results in a guide I use while painting the miniature in real life.

Even if I want the light in a different place than where it started with my reference art, the baseline contrast of the volumes is there, which makes it easy to play with. With this piece being original, I had to try painting over an image of the 3D model, which is much harder to digitally paint into a useful place. I ended up with this monstrosity:



…also visible is an Arnau Lazaro piece that I was sampling as a potential palette source.

My pigment test (i.e. translating my Photoshop image into real life paint) occurred the day before I needed to get on a plane to leave for a winter break (with painting supplies packed for the trip), so it was very minimalistic, but got me the info I needed to get started:





By the end of the project, this is what I ended up using:



Unfortunately, when I did the test, I didn’t have any inks or fluorescents, so when I started painting the lighting effect with a standard matte red, I couldn’t get the contrast I needed. Because of this, this project had a very extensive “shit phase”:



Once I got my hands on some super saturated reds, it was still a challenge to find the right hue.



Good: I think it’s a miracle that I was able to finish this project in time for the Crystal Brush and actually get it to the show without breaking anything. So, the fact that it won 3rd place Best in Show is kind of doubly insane.


Bad: It’s honestly my least favorite of the three pieces I brought to Crystal Brush. I feel like even though it’s my original concept, I spent so much time working on it that I lost perspective on what I was doing and was just pursuing the goal of finishing it. One of the reasons I want to get the full diorama cast as a resin kit is that I’m 100% sure that someone else out there can top my version of it.


Ugly: The pinning between the Pharaoh’s feet and the base was always suspect because the legs (being 3D printed) were hollow, and the material was brittle. I knew that it was a potential failure point, and was relieved when the piece made it to the show intact. However, on the way home, a friendly TSA agent at O’Hare decided to toss the carrying case off the x-ray conveyor, and the Pharaoh snapped off at the feet, which also caused two other areas to snap from the impact. I was able to pack the broken pieces into extra bubble wrap that I had in my bag and get the piece home without even further damage. As ugly as this is, I think I could potentially fix it in as little as 8 hours. However, I have let it lie in state since “the incident” because I wanted to direct my energy to future projects rather than spend time repairing old ones. However, if I decide to sell this piece, there will probably be a multi-week waiting period for the buyer while I find the time to do the required fixes and reinforcements.



Due to the funds invested in designing and 3D printing this piece, I need to recoup what I spent! There may be casts of the full diorama in the future. I’m still trying to gauge demand (if you’re really interested, definitely drop me a note on FB, as it will help me get an accurate reading).

For now, there is a bust version available:

I distributed some at GenCon this year and may have some available at future shows. Pale King Hobby did a great review of the bust. I will have copies at future shows I attend and you can also buy online at Mr. Lee’s Minis.



Thanks for reading, and thanks to the following people for their help along this journey:

Charles Agius for taking on the sculpt.

Aaron Lovejoy and Ben Komets for their input.

Paul at Visionproto for the 3D print.

Caleb Wissenbeck for the sick plinth.

Jen Haley for the awesome pics at Crystal Brush.

Vincent Venturella for the amazing first version of the bust that we’ve seen (and is currently being used at Mr Lee’s)




Completion Date: 2017.12

Time: 82 hours

PNP Link with more pictures: http://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/17267


This is my second of three posts about my 2018 Crystal Brush entries. You can find the first post here, and a FB post about my overall Adepticon reaction here.



I started planning this project around the same time as Through the Never. I had a short list of 28mm miniatures and Slambo was at the top, as the miniature to me epitomizes Games Workshop nostalgia. He’s a miniature straight out of the 1980s, but updated to contemporary sculpting. It’s a weird phenomenon that the images we remember from the past are distorted through our inner emotional lens. This updated Slambo sculpt is how I remember original Slambo looking (i.e. awesome), and original Slambo just looks like junk to me now.

So, my goal with this piece was to also paint Slambo the way we remember him, or maybe how we pictured him as children (I’m addressing all of my fellow GW gamers / former GW gamers who were children in the 80’s and 90’s here). We’re talking SENMM, Sorayama-style. We’re talking over-the-top lava. We’re talking Heavy (not so much ‘Eavy) Metal:




With all that in mind, I put together the concept:




I really liked GW’s Baleful Realmgate (I used a snippet of it in my concept), but it was way too big of a piece, so I did my own sculpt in C4D, and shamelessly duplicated a lot of the shapes, but on a smaller scale:



I took the clean geometric sculpt into Mudbox and cut in the lava flow, rock texture, cracks, and chips. Despite my best efforts to estimate in the software where Slambo’s feet would land, the first test print had the feet squarely on top of the lava flow:



I expanded the base and did a second test print (in Shapeways super cheap PLA). The geometry of that print worked, so I ordered a final print in the FED material.



I started with the usual sketch to find my pigments. I wanted to try out Warcolours, as I had won a big box of them at Rainbow Brush at GenCon. The Warcolours black didn’t really work for me (too glossy), but most of the other saturated primaries/secondaries worked well for what I needed. I also selected a blueish gray that I knew I needed and didn’t want to have to mix every time. Another cool thing about Warcolours is that their transparent colors are super consistent coming out of the bottle (as much as I love Reaper transparents, sometimes no matter how hard I shake the bottle, I get a droplet of coagulated pigment surrounded by a soup of medium).


Another critical preparation step was getting a better understanding of how different chrome shapes reflect the environment around them. I had done the concept art for the piece with a kind of abstract idea of how it would work, but I wanted to cement my understanding of the different shapes and how they would reflect. Besides taking a newfound interest in anything chrome or mirrorlike I encountered in the real world, I also did a test in C4D:



The actual physical execution of the painting process of Slambo was smoother than usual. I ended up spending only half the time that I spent on Through the Never. The main challenge was getting the lava into the right level of chroma saturation, which was accomplished with several fluorescent passes.



Nothing new other than the aforementioned Warcolours.



Good: It won a Crystal Brush, which was really cool (I had doubts about it making the cut). Even cooler was peoples reaction to this piece. It was by a huge margin the most popular of my three Crystal Brush pieces, based purely on apparent enthusiasm. I think we all have a shared nostalgia for Slambo.

Bad: Nothing exactly bad, but…

Ugly: The lava flow coming out of the skulls sucks. At the top of the post I listed the completion date as 12/2017, which is mostly true in that he was 99+% done at that point, but I actually slapped on that lava flow around 18 hours before I entered the piece in the competition (I had put it on hold to focus on Pharaoh’s Curse). I feel like it’s the weak link in the piece.




Completion Date: 2017.11

Time: 168 hours

PNP Link with full photo sethttp://www.puttyandpaint.com/projects/17177


This was one of my three entries for Crystal Brush 2018. I wrote some more broad Crystal Brush thoughts in a Facebook post here. I will be posting WIP articles about my three CB pieces.




I started on this project in April 2017 after seeing the results of the Crystal Brush come in. I was inspired by Kat Martin’s gold winning piece, and decided that I wanted to attend the following year and definitely bring something for the sci-fi single figure category. I already had a short list of 28mm scale miniatures that I thought had potential for a big project. I knew I wanted a massive space background, and Yvraine seemed to fit, so I started gathering reference material, arranged it all in Photoshop, and ended up with this:



Working in Cinema 4D, I got started designing a base. The concept for the platform part of the base evolved quite a bit into the cubes idea that made it into the final version. The grid of cubes were procedurally generated into a guide shape, which was fun. My first pass had issues:

Besides looking wonky, another issue I found based on a 3D test print was that there was no way I was fitting her cat on the base with her while still staying within the legal 50mm diameter restriction. So cuts and adjustments were made, and two test prints later, I had the final design. I ended up having to print the arches in FUD material because Shapeways didn’t like the arches in HDA (writing this months later, I forget why):

The only non-3D printed sculpting element I got into was the ripple effect on the portal as she passes through. I did a battery of tests:


…and ended up settling on using Water FX as a basis for the volume (because it holds rigid shape so well), and then using liberal coats of Mod Podge to smooth the whole thing over.



I did my usual pigment test to try and translate the concept art into pigmented colors:

I would usually want to mix that darker red from primaries, but I wanted to keep my shadow colors super consistent, so I went with the premixed dark red to keep it anchored to a single hue/value/saturation point that I couldn’t accidentally drift away from with poor mixes.

As I began to sketch everything in, I started with a gold brocade on the side of the dress:


But I felt that it had too much contrast and was distracting from the face. So, I mocked up some potential ideas for more subtle freehand in Photoshop:

…which I thought worked, and tried to replicate as closely as possible, although in both cases, I had to simplify volumes based on the amount of area I had to work with.



Nothing new this time around.



Good: I think this project was a big step for me as far as lighting and atmosphere. The project was also well received at Adepticon / Crystal Brush, and won its category.

Bad: Due to a superglue accident, I had to cannibalize two different Yvraine miniatures together in order to produce the one piece.

Ugly: For maybe the first time, I don’t think there is anything super ugly that happened or resulted.



Shoutouts to Aaron Lovejoy and Ben Komets for their critiques of my work.




Completion Date: 08/14/2017

Time: 72 hours

PNP Link




I had been following the Rainbow Brush 2017 narrative and decided that it was almost definitely not happening this year, and had already moved on to a Crystal Brush project, when I saw that it had sprung back to life. I knew I wanted to enter, especially with 2017’s theme of environmentalism. I also had a desire to sculpt something original. I had been playing around with Mudbox, practicing on some bust ideas. So, I trolled around on Google image search looking for inspiration for a possible sculpt. I found this image:


I decided I wanted to do a similar dual bust theme. However, I wanted to keep it in the realm of fantasy, so I went with a vampire. I slapped together this concept art while simultaneously starting the sculpt:




My workflow was Cinema 4D -> Mudbox -> Cinema 4D -> Meshmixer -> Shapeways. My first “Nature Head” print was accidentally sized too small, so I took the opportunity to use it as a testing ground for water and foliage techniques. After a bunch of iterations, I decided on melted plastic and water effects. Not a ton of pics, as everything was so rushed.

I had some ideas for a base that tied it together, but I was running out of time, so I put them on a thematically appropriate feeling wooden plinth.



I started with a rushed 2D sketch to find my pigments:

I decided on a common warm shadow tone, which mixed up through a green range on the nature side, and a cyan range on the vampire side. I started each bust with a sketch:


…and basically kept doing passes to refine the sketches until I ran out of time.

I tried a few new techniques, including using some gloss varnish on the eyes, on the spilling oil, and inside the mouth, in order to produce environmental rather than forced matte reflection.



Good: I tried a ton of new effect techniques on this, including the water effect, the mixed foliage, the oil effect, and the rust. It also won ‘Best Interpretation’ at the Rainbow Brush.

Bad: The sculpt has some anatomical issues, a product of my amateur level sculpting ability. I find that I can push through crudely painted areas that don’t work by simply wiping them clean and iterating them until they are where I envision them… kind of a brute force approach that requires a lot of time and effort to compensate for lack of technique, but eventually produces results. I haven’t yet found any success with that approach in sculpting.

Ugly: Because of the aforementioned sculpting shortcomings, I think the entire thing looks kind of wonky.




Oakwood Studios for the plinth.

Shapeways for the 3D prints.

Massive Voodoo for the endless tutorials on any and all effects.

Aaron Lovejoy and Ben Komets for protips.

Marike Reimer for starting the Rainbow Brush, and Will Thompson for carrying the torch.



Completion Date: 06/02/2017

Time: 143 Hours

P&P Link



I wanted to have two entries in the Privateer Press competition, and Skarre has been really the main character of theirs that has captured my attention. Having already done a 28mm single figure, I decided to also do the bust version. I decided to stick with the glowing neck gem concept, and the overall ambiance (a blueish nighttime exterior look). I used Kat Martin’s Skarre bust as a base layer, and put together this concept art:



I had found the flying souls in Privateer Press’ bitz library. The egg shaped part of the base was a plinth that was included in 2015’s Rainbow Brush prize support. The only real sculpting was fusing everything together with apoxy putty. I took a month long trip in April and decided that I would take this bust, primed, to start on. I barely got the piece assembled and primed before leaving, and did’t get any pics on my way out. 




Another aspect of the trip was taking just the handful of paints I knew I needed. I barely had ten minutes to bang out an (incomplete) test sketch to find my pigments:


I ended up using only four colors, but adding an entire arsenal of fluorescents for the gem area. Once I arrived at my trip, I got my painting area set up, and started with a sketch to find the basic volumes from the OSL:


The main challenge was figuring out which surfaces were getting hit with which lights, and at what angle. In some cases, liberties were taken to try and create a more interesting image rather than be accurate.




Nothing new here. I just took the bare essentials with me to paint on the trip: selected paints, Rathcore holder, wet palette, W&N S7 brushes, and two portable LED lights. I also took the cutting mat, although it’s about as essential at the painting stage as a placemat is to a meal.



Good: This was a fun bust to paint. Since I was on a break, I was able to get in a good groove in extended-length four hour sessions (usual for me is 1-2 hours). And I feel like I made a breakthrough with my source lighting.

Bad: No P3 contest love for this one (Silver coin, no category win), even though I think it’s miles ahead of my other rather gaudy P3 entry (Gold coin, won category). I guess that’s just how these things go.

Ugly: I do think some of the volumes on the face are questionable. Especially if you look at it at thumbnail size, it seems like something is off, but it’s hard to identify. I’m also not sure how the time on this one got out of control. I had a sketch done and looking 2/3 complete at the 30 hour mark, but somehow ended up spending another 113 hours on it.





Completion Date: 4/3/2017

Time: 130 hours

Putty and Paint Link



I knew from the start that I wanted to bring two pieces to the GenCon P3 competition, and I’d already decided that one of them was the Skarre bust. I had an idea that it would be interesting to do a single figure Skarre as well. There are a lot of Skarre miniatures, but something spoke to be about this one, and I imagined a gloomy night scene atop her ship. I put together some initial concept art:

The concept art differs from the final result in a lot of ways, but the first thing I decided to change was the angle. I felt that I wanted to see the source of the green OSL in the piece, and the side view didn’t offer any realistic placement opportunities. I also thought it would be more interesting having her coming straight at the viewer. As I proceeded with the sculpt, I threw together a really janky new piece of concept art to solidify my idea:



Before I could even start the sculpt, I embarked on a long exercise in wave tests, trying to figure out how much transparency and gloss worked. Here was the master list of possibilities:

  1. Totally opaque and matte
  2. Totally opaque, but with selective gloss varnish
  3. Totally opaque and totally gloss varnished
  4. Opaque main wave, gloss varnished, with transparent water FX at caps
  5. Transparent main wave, transparent water FX caps, with opaque paint in troughs
  6. Transparent main wave, transparent water FX caps


I started with melted plastic as the main form of the wave, and slapped tests together, sometimes one over the other:

I came to a pretty simple conclusion. If you are going to have strong forced lights in a scene, you need strong forced reflections. Meaning no gloss, no transparency. So, I ended up at option 1 – totally opaque waves with reflections painted on with matte paint.

With that process behind me, I looked to the ship. The box kit for Skarre comes with the top of the ship poking out of an ambiguously earthy base (I guess it’s supposed to be a shipwreck), but I needed more hull area to make the piece work. I tried carving the earthy part out, but it’s an extremely dense pewter. So, I made a resin cast of the piece (sorry, Privateer Press, but it wasn’t for resale), and was able to easily cut into it and use the carved down piece as the basis for an extended boat sculpt with Apoxy putty.

I then built up layers of melted plastic waves and added a chain and skull suspended in mid-air, both blown to the side by the wind, and called the sculpt complete:



I did my usual 2D pigment test to find my colors. In this case, though, I was indecisive about the overall saturation and exact blue hue of the entire piece, and ended up doing two side by side tests with different shifts:

I ended using this boatload of paint to complete the project. For someone who usually only uses three colors plus black and white, this was a LOT (and was even more when I added in the magenta):

I embarked with a finished sculpt and finalized paints, but the first sketch pass on the piece revealed a serious flaw:


There was zero focus on the face. The eye immediately goes to the green OSL (most saturated) and then bounces to the moon (brightest), and passes over the face completely. Drastic measures were necessary, so I decided to force another light onto her chest and face.

Some random WIPs:



This was my first venture into fluorescent pigments. Despite usually limiting my palette to just a few pigments, I ended up using fluorescents from Vallejo, Kremer, and Stuart Semple. The main challenge was that blending over the small areas where I included fluos still needed the hue to change, which required a separate set of colors, rather than just a single fluo pigment.

My Rathcore V2 miniature holder also arrived in the middle of the process. It’s kind of insane how helpful it is. I was previously using a piece of cork jammed into an old Citadel paint pot, which seemed fine, until this awesome piece of hardware showed up.



Good: Despite this being my least favorite of the five pieces I brought to GenCon, it won its category at the Privateer Press P3 competition, so I guess it isn’t the worst.

Bad: However, I do really hate this thing. I was trying to get some really saturated colors and strong hue/sat contrasts, but the final result is more abrasive than I would have liked.

Ugly: Several. You can’t see the chain in the photos because it blends in with the waves behind it. This is unfortunate because the chain is one of the parts that I think really works. I also didn’t like all of the course corrections that happened, they felt more like reactionary saves than something that would have been a good idea to begin with.



Ben Komets and Aaron Lovejoy for pro-tips on my WIPs. 

Stephen Rath for designing the awesome miniature holder.

Roman Lappat and MV for the endless tutorials. I wouldn’t even have had a starting place for the water without them.